Although we use it every day, most people are not very familiar with electronics and the impact it has on our lives. The basic components of electronics are fairly simple in their construction and function, but there are many different types of electronic devices, each fulfilling its own specific purpose in keeping us connected and informed. Here, you’ll find descriptions and pictures of some of the most popular types of electronics used today, including computers, cell phones, and televisions.
There are more than you think
There are many types of electronics that we use on a daily basis. Here is a list of the top five most common types, what they do, and how they are used.
1) Television- This device is used for entertainment purposes in the form of watching shows, sports events, or even playing video games with friends. Televisions vary in size from small to large depending on their intended function. For example, televisions for business settings need to be larger so that people can read the writing without straining their eyes.
On the other hand, televisions for your living room should be smaller because you want it to fit within your space constraints. You also have different shapes like flat screens or box screens which are either rectangular shaped or square shaped respectively.
Television sizes differ from 15 inches all the way up to 80 inches! No matter what size you decide on make sure it fits within your desired space constraints.
Learn about some Electronics basics
Below are some basics about different types of electronics:
-An amplifier is a device that can either increase or decrease the voltage of an electrical signal.
-An oscillator is a circuit that produces a steady series of alternating electric currents.
-A resistor is an electrical component that resists the flow of electric current, for example by converting some input energy into heat. -An integrated circuit (IC) is a miniaturized electronic circuit consisting of one or more microchips.
-A diode is a two-terminal electronic component with asymmetric conductivity—it conducts current better in one direction than the other.
Get familiar with Electronics components
There are many different types of electronics. A simple type is a resistor. It is a component that resists the flow of electricity. There are also capacitors that store electrical energy when used with a battery. These components are very helpful in making radios, televisions, or sound systems work.
A diode is an electronic device that allows electric current to only pass through it one way, either from anode to cathode or vice versa. The opposite happens with a capacitor which can store electric charge on its two plates. You can find diodes in LED lights or radio receivers because they allow an electric current to go through them only in one direction so they do not burn out like other light bulbs would.
Diodes are often used for rectification where we take alternating current and make it into direct current. Diodes can be found as well in lasers that shoot beams of coherent light. Capacitors help power up circuits by storing electric charges for them to use when needed. Without capacitors, there would be no such thing as a camera flash!
How an Electronics device works
An electronic device typically has three main parts: a power source, a system to control how the power is used, and a circuit to complete the electrical current. Usually, when you plug your phone charger into an outlet, the power source is electricity coming from your home or office building.
The system for controlling this power is a transformer that can step down higher voltages like 240 volts to something more manageable like 120 volts. The circuit which completes the electric current comes in the form of two copper wires that go between the transformer and your charger.
Basic electronic components
An electronic device is a machine that uses electricity to create sound, store data, or transmit information. Electronic components can be classified by the type of signal they process. The two main types are analog and digital.
Analog devices process continuous signals, such as audio or video signals, where the signal changes in proportion to the input voltage. Digital devices use discrete levels of voltage to represent the words (zeros and ones) used in computers. Digital circuits have binary values, which means their outputs have only two possible states.
Also Read: What is machine learning? How does machine learning work?
Microcontrollers are a type of embedded system processor (ECP) typically used in embedded systems. Embedded systems typically run low level tasks with minimal user interaction, so microcontrollers are designed for this purpose.
Microprocessors, on the other hand, are designed for more general purposes such as running operating systems and applications. Microcontrollers are a cheaper alternative to microprocessors that have less processing power.
A microcontroller is a single chip computer on an integrated circuit (IC). An IC is composed of thousands or millions of transistors and capacitors that store binary data encoded into patterns of tiny metal wires called conductive lines.
Diodes and transistors
Diodes are a type of semiconductor that can conduct electricity in one direction only. Diodes have two leads, a positive lead and a negative lead, with the arrow on the diode pointing to which is which. Transistors are another kind of semiconductor device that can be used as either an amplifier or a switch. There are many different types of transistors, each with different properties that make them suitable for certain applications.
In some types of transistors called bipolar junction transistors (BJTs), the three terminals include a collector terminal (C), an emitter terminal (E) and a base terminal (B). BJTs amplify current flow from C to E because E has less resistance than C.
ICs (integrated circuits)
Integrated circuits are found in many different devices. The most common types of integrated circuits include microprocessors, memory chips, and digital signal processors. Integrated circuits are made from silicon or germanium semiconductors that store information when an electric current is applied to them.
These semiconductors can be combined with other components like resistors and capacitors to form a complete circuit. A complete circuit usually performs one function, like a processor that runs computer programs or a resistor that regulates the flow of electricity.
Power sources and loads
Power sources are device that converts electricity from an external source such as a power outlet into a form that can be used by electronic loads to perform work. The most common types of electronic power sources are batteries, generators, and fuel cells. While there are many different types of loads, they can generally be classified as either active or passive.
Active loads do work using electric energy supplied by the power source. Active devices require a continuous input of electric energy in order to operate properly. Active devices include light bulbs, motors, televisions, and radios. Passive loads have no moving parts and typically consume only a small amount of electric energy for operation when turned on. Passive devices include resistors, inductors, and capacitors which are often found in radios for tuning purposes
Photovoltaic cells, solar cells, LED, CFL, and fluorescent lamps
Electronics is the branch of technology that deals with the design and manufacture of electronic devices. The term may also refer to computer hardware, but this is not always the case. To give you an idea of what electronics are, here are some examples: photovoltaic cells, solar cells, LED lights, CFL lamps, and fluorescent lamps.